Research is the quest for knowledge obtained through systematic study and thinking, observation and experimentation to increase our understanding of ourselves and the observation and experimentation. While different disciplines may use different approach world in which we live. Therefore, "The Journal of Development Research Code of Conduct for Research Integrity" applies to research in all scholarly fields. Research is a common enterprise, carried out in academic, industry and other settings. It involves collaboration, direct or indirect, which often transcends social, political and cultural boundaries.
A basic responsibility of the research community is to formulate the principles of research, to define the criteria for proper research behavior, to maximize the quality and robustness of research, and to respond adequately to threats to, or violations of, research integrity. The primary purpose of this Code of Conduct is to help realize this responsibility and to serve the research community as a framework for self-regulation. It describes professional, legal and ethical responsibilities, and acknowledges the importance of the institutional settings in which research is organized. Therefore, this Code of Conduct is relevant and applicable to acknowledge legitimate constraints in its implementation.
Good research practices are based on fundamental principles of research integrity. They guide researchers in their work as well as in their engagement with the practical, ethical and intellectual challenges inherent in research. These principles are:
- Reliability in ensuring the quality of research, reflected in the design, the methodology, the analysis and the use of resources.
- Honesty in developing, undertaking, reviewing, reporting and communicating research in a transparent, fair, full and unbiased way.
- Respect for colleagues, research participants, society, ecosystems, cultural heritage and the environment.
- Accountability for the research from idea to publication, for its management and organization, for training, supervision and mentoring, and for its wider impacts.
It is of crucial importance that researchers/ academicians master the knowledge, methodologies and ethical practices associated with their field. Failing to follow good research practices violates professional responsibilities. It damages the research processes, degrades relationships among researchers, undermines trust in and the credibility of research, wastes resources and may expose research subjects, users, society or the environment to unnecessary harm.
Research Misconduct and other Unacceptable Practices Research misconduct is traditionally defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism (so-called FFP) in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results:
- Fabrication is making up results and recording them as if they were real.
- Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment or processes or changing, omitting or suppressing data or results without justification.
- Plagiarism is using other people’s work and ideas without giving proper credit to the original source, thus violating the rights of the original author(s) to their intellectual outputs. These three forms of violation are considered particularly serious since they distort the research record.
There are further violations of good research practice that damage the integrity of the research process or of researchers.
The journal of Development Research practices Code of Conduct for the publication of papers. The unacceptable practices include, but are not confined to:
- Manipulating authorship or denigrating the role of other researchers in publications.
- Re-publishing substantive parts of one’s own earlier publications, including translations, without duly acknowledging or citing the original (‘self-plagiarism’).
- Citing selectively to enhance own findings or to please editors, reviewers or colleagues.
- Misrepresenting research achievements.
- Exaggerating the importance and practical applicability of findings.
The Journal of Development Research discourage all the unethical practices while publishing articles/research papers/ case studies as mentioned above to publish papers. It is requested to all researchers /writers/contributors to discourage and stop unethical practice through training, supervision and mentoring and development of a positive and supportive research environment.
Dr. Satish Modh
Dr. Nisha Pandey